|1998-01. 2/11/98. Technology Brief-VEECO Instruments Inc.: Pact is Reached to Aquire Maker of Precision Devices. Wall Street Journal.P. 1||Veeco Instruments, Inc.||Veeco has acquired Digital Instruments Inc.||nanotech is becoming commercial and we are actually seeing financial benefits from it||the market for atomic-force microscopy is about $150 mil and will triple within 5 years||business - financial||Veeco predicts that the atomic-force microscopy market will triple in the next five year.|
|1998-02. Shulman, P. 3/98 Vol 19 Iss 3. The Best of Annals of Improbable Research. Discover. P. 118||editors, Annals of Improbable Research||fanciful||A nanotoaster will have many advantages over a macrotoaster, specifically in reducing counter space used, and in the finding of the world's smallest slice of bread.||N/A||society - every day applications (kitchen appliances)||This is a satirical look at some of the more bizarre applications of nanotechnology.|
|1998-03. Fisher, A. 4/98 Vol 252 Iss4 . Tiny Transmission. PS. P. 28||Steve Rodgers and Jeff Sniegowsky, Sandia National Laboratories||No information provided||"Theoretically, the transmission can generate a force capable of moving a 1-pound object" (28)||The microtransmission (the size of a grain of sand) can multiply the power of a microengine 3 million times. ||nuclear weaponry||Sandia sees such micromachines as significant in serving as near-invisible locks to nuclear devices.|
|1998-04. Dye, L. 4/6/98. Counsel for Industry, Science's Awkward Relationship. LA. P. 5||Michael M. Crow, Columbia University, vice provost||No information – speculation||Crow predicts that 30 years from now, nanotechnology, bioelectronics, artificial intelligence, information management, and protecting the environment will be on the forefront of scientific inquiry. ||N/A||bioelectronics, artificial intelligence, information management||Crow sees sciences such as nanotechnology as a future driving force for industry.|
|1998-05. Hafner, K. 4/9/98. Horse and Blender, Car and Crockpot. NYT. P. G1||Neal Stephenson, science fiction writer||Interview and profile of SciFi writer||Nanotech in sci-fiction||Stephenson's futuristic books occasionally focus on nanotechnology. ||N/A||nanotechnology is still being seen very much in science fiction, and not as a reality|
|1998-06. 4/21/98. Widely Praised Architect will Design Art Museum.
Seattle Post-Intelligencer. P. B2
||Antoine Predock-NanoTechnology Center at Rice University, University of California at Santa Cruz Music Facility
||No information provided||"…plan a 50,000 square foot building on the north side of historic Union Station and federal courthouse…" (B2)||Predock won the American Institute of Architects' National Honor Award||architecture||new building designed for technology|
|1998-07. Ackerman, T. 4/27/98. A Symposium of Mini Proportions/ Meeting Marks Anniversary of UH Superconductivity Center. HC. P. 13||University of Houston, Texas Center for Superconductivity; Carl Wieman, University of Colorado||Weiman achieved the coldest place in existence in the universe by chilling a vial to 492 degrees Fahrenheit below freezing. ||Nanotechnology has nearly limitless potential, but is still in its early planning stages (where lasers were in the 1960's)||In 1990, a nanobot to travel in the bloodstream was briefly under development.||travel, space exploration, energy||Nanotechnology may lead to the creation of a limitless power source, super-strong space elevators, or medical nanobots. |
|1998-08. 5/7/98. Mighty Small/ Science Takes Huge Strides When Great Minds Think Small. HC P. 44||University of Houston, Texas Center for Superconductivity||Scientists "pondered ways that so-called nanotechnology research can be turned into commercially viable products." (44)||Report on symposium ||N/A||medicine, energy||This symposium focused on discussion of how nanotechnology could be used to create limitless energy sources, and nanobots to police the human body.|
|1998-09. Piller, C. 6/27/98. The Cutting Edge; Big Picture for Tiny Sensors. LA. P. D1||Xerox Corp.'s Palo Alto Research Center (PARC)||"PARC has assembled a team of computer scientists, physicists, materials scientists, electrical engineers, and robot experts" to work on/with MEMS (D1)||Micro-electrical mechanical systems (MEMS) will be able to intelligently solve more mundane, day-to-day problems.||Conceptualization of smart paint; "MEMS consist of computer sensors and actuators--moving parts--that range from about 10 microns to about a millimeter in length." (D1); "MEMS differ from nanotechnology…" (D1)||home decoration, electronics, automobile industry, military, architecture, computers, surveillance||MEMS provide the possibility of smart cars, smart paint, and other such consumer products. They will also revolutionize engineering and architectural projects, and military machinery (aircraft and surveillance equipment). |
|1998-10. 7/98 Vol 19 Iss 7. Beams of Stuff. Discover. P. 76||Wolfgang Ketterle, MIT physicist; Michael Heller, Nanogen||Ketterle cooled sodium atoms with lasers and magnetics, merged a bunch of atoms into a meta-wave, and generated two separate metawaves in order to take a photograph.; Heller "used synthetic DNA as a molecular support structure to hold light responsive molecules called chromophores..." (76)||Ketterle's 'atom laser' "might someday be used to build microscopic mechanical structures atom by atom" (76); Heller's DNA work will be a stepping-stone for self-assembly nanotech work||Heller's DNA work is being done to increase the storage capacity of CDs. ||electronics||Ketterle's work lays the foundation for the tool necessary to begin building any nanotechnology. Heller's DNA work provides the basis for self-assembly necessary for creating nanotech computers and other nano devices.|
|1998-11 Gillmor, D. 7/17/98. San Jose Mercury News, Calif., Dan Gillmor Column. San Jose Mercury News. No page.
||IBM Researchers, Gordon Bell, Drexler, Ted Selker, Barbra Hayes-Roth IBM's Almaden Research Center in San Jose, Stanford University
||"a computer and sensors attached to a multi-function bodybuilding machine.
If you wore the right kind of badge and
sat on one of the machine's benches,
it would recognize you and coach you..
through an exercise."
||If you completed several exercises, a nearby soda machine would award you a free Coke||There was a problem that cropped up with the soda unit. Had to change a line in the program.||"IBM researchers showed the world that humans could manipulate individual atoms...and that ability will change the way we manufacture things--from computers to jet planes."||"How we'll catalog and handle all that information...will fit into a storage device so small "you'll have to squint to see it." "Molecular manufacturing will lead to massive change in products."|
|1998-12. Schubert, R. 7/17/98. UW Budget request will top $1 billion; proposal places priority on raising faculty pay. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. P. C1.
||Washington State University, Richard McCormick Lee Huntsman||"…quality of research and education." (C1)||need money||"Capital projects include $39.3 million to renovate the Suzzallo Library…" (C1)||building library||ability to make things smaller|
|1998-13 Reucroft, S. 7/20/98. Ancient Rocks Artificial. Boston Globe. P. C5
||University of California at Berkeley, Alex Zettl||"..made a similar ball out of only 36 carbon atoms" (C5)||"…seems to have novel electrical properties that could lead to new electronic devices.." (C5)||"…superconductor at record-high temperatures." (C5)||"The new molecule, like its larger relatives made of 60, 74, and 80 carbon atoms, seems to have
novel electrical properties.." (C5)
||"…the private sector for cutting-edge research and teaching in such high-tech areas as computer graphics, animation and multimedia; advanced forestry technology; and nanotechnology." (C5)
|1998-14. Sinha, G. 8/98 Vol 253 Iss 2. The Tiniest Circuit. PS. P. 43||Delft University of Technology||scientists "built a tiny transistor consisting of a single carbon nanotube lying across two metallic contacts that sit on a layer of silicon dioxide." (43)||nanotubes are creating actual computer parts, such as semiconductors and transistors, making them much smaller||No specific data reported||electronics, communications||Now that nanotubes have been used as semiconductors, "the next step is to see if nano-transistors can be built into electrical circuits." (43)|
|1998-15. Beyette, B. 9/4/98. Achievement to the Max; Max Comess Aced the SAT; Now He Can Get to Work on the Universe. LA. P. 1||Max Comess, Concord High School||No method provided||Nanotechnology has the "potential for developing tiny robots to repair human cells or alter DNA." (1)||No specific data reported||medicine, genetics||Comess' idea of nanotechnology goes from the idea of nanobots ensuring health and longevity, to genetic mutation and morphing. |
|1998-16. Hotz, R. 9/10/98. Science File: An Exploration of Issues and Trends Affecting Science. LA. P. 2||Marvin Cohen, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory; Philip J. Keukes, Hewlett-Packard Laboratories; James R. Heath, UCLA||Currently, "scientists wielding electron beams like arc welders have built experimental structures thousands of times smaller than a human hair…" but lack the precision to create perfect nanomachines. (2); an experimental computer, Teramac, was built with flawed nanotechnology, but is 'smart' enough to "steer around any defect" (2) and is still 100 times faster than a normal PC||"They [nanotube computer circuits] would be a hundred times stronger than steel, as fast as a conventional supercomputer and, best of all, would assemble themselves." (2)||Some percentage of molecules constructed by self-assembly will always be defective; nanotubes form from a mist of heated carbon vapor||computing||The idea of nanotech computers 'fixing' themselves subverts the currently impossible task of building perfect nanotubes and nanochains. This means that nanotech supercomputers are closer to being realized than previously thought.|
|1998-17. Feeley, G. 10/4/98. Science Fiction and Fantasy. WP. P. X11||Wil McCarthy, novelist, "Bloom"||Book review - N/A||Review of fictional book||"The 'bloom' of the title is a berserk 'technogenic' virus, a piece of runaway nanotechnology that consumes virtually everything it touches." (X.11)||science fiction – and predicted social implications of nanotechnology||There is a nanotechnological warning, giving a highly fictionalized image of the dangerous path that nanotechnology could lead humanity down.|
|1998-18. Ackerman, T. 10/27/98. Rice, NASA Team Up to Explore the Uses of Ultrasmall Technology. HC. P. 32||Rice University (President Malcolm Gillis); NASA (Administrator Dan Goldin)||No information provided||"nanotechnology will fuel a revolution that will at once lower space costs and make space flight safer, help put a man on Mars and allow NASA to detect any existence of life within 600 trillion miles of Earth." (32)||nanotechnology - involves the manufacturing of one-billionth of a meter-scale materials and structures; practitioners move atoms one by one; buckytubes - "rolled-up concentric sheets of buckyballs are 30 to 100 times stronger than steel but about a billionth of a meter in diameter..." (32)||space exploration; power storage; electronics (semi-conductors)||Nanotechnology will "open up the space frontier and the American economy." (32)|
|1998-19. 11/98 Vol 19 Iss 42. Web Picks. Discover. P. 42||Discover; NASA||Profile of nanoscience web site||Centers nanotech resources ||Article gives a web link to a site which offers "links to almost all of the major laboratories, journals, and educational sites discussing nanotechnology" (42); http://science.nas.nasa.gov/Groups/Nanotechnology/links.html||space exploration||"discussing nanotechnology - the effort to reshape the world molecule by molecule|
|1998-20. Dye, L. 11/9/98. The Cutting Edge: Preparing Tiny Nanotubes for Big Role in TV. LA. P. 1||Zhifeng Ren, University of Buffalo; Alex Zettl, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory||"Nanotubes…are created by heating ordinary carbon until it vaporizes, then allowing it to condense in a vacuum or an inert gas." (1); Ren used ammonia as the inert gas, allowing the tubes to be formed below the melting temperature of glass. By coating the glass with varying thicknesses of nickel, Ren can control the diameter of the nanotubes.||If nanotubes that are perfectly aligned can be grown, their potential for use will increase, especially in electronics such as flat panel televisions.||nanotubes - "100 times stronger than steel, can conduct electricity without releasing heat and flawlessly transmit optical signals" (1); Zettl - "carbon nanotubes, depending on the diameter, can conduct an electrical current as if it were a metal…" (1)||electronics, communications||"Nanotubes of varying thickness could be used for everything from extremely strong cables to electrical or optical transmission devices." (1); nanotubes might eventually replace silicon|
|1998-21. Burghardt, L. 12/6/98. In Their Element: Schoolroom Scientists Compete. NYT. P. 14LI.1||Alex Wissner-Gross, high school Senior, Great Neck South High School||"Alex combined his knowledge of nanotechnology with his understanding of granular motion…"; "Alex came up with a system to control the movement, and wrote a computer program to simulate it." (14LI.1)||"No one has been able to find a way to mass-produce nanocircuitry components." (14LI.1)||Alex - 17, has won more than 80 science and math competitions; granular motion - the patterns of flow in solid materials||computing||"'This area is so important it could be as revolutionary as the computer.'" (14LI.1)|
|1998-22. Milling, T. 12/7/98. Rice Senior gets Rhodes Scholarship. HC. P. 21||Bobak Robert Azamian, Rice University Senior||"Azamian proposed applying nanotechnology to medical science during his two years of study in England." (21)||Nanotechnology aligned with prizes and awards – Rhodes scholarship||Winner of the Rhoads scholarship; beat out hundreds of other applicants||medicine||"obviously, this is great credit to him and what he's become in this early stage in his life." -nanotechnology research adds a bit of prestige to those who make discoveries in it|