Nano Technology Database Search

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1996-01. Schultz, P. Jan 96 Vol 17 Iss 1. One Molecule at a Time. Discover.P. 72.chemist Peter Schultz and physicist Paul McEuenof University of CA @ Berkeley"The key to the technique is to put a dab of platinum on the microscopic tip of an atomic force microscope. The scientists then prepared a surface of azide, a compound containing three nitrogen atoms, and bathed it in alcohol that had been spiked with hydrogen..." (72)found a way of triggering chemical reactions molecule by molecule using atomic force microscoperefining the methods of manipulating chemical reactions with nanotechmaterials science"This breakthrough opens new possibilities for nanoengineering and materials science…the technique lets researchers see what happens as they go about changing the world, one molecule at a time." (72)
1996-02. Kadaba, L. 1/4/96. Nano Age to Supplant Information Highway, Futurists Predicting. HC. P 1Arthur Shostak, professor of sociology at Drexel University; Robert Riley, president of product design business in Scottsdale, AZ; Andy Hines- staff futurist for consulting group Coates & Jarrett in Washington, DC; Clem Bezold - executive director of the Institute of Alternative FuturesPredictions about future technologynanotech cars will become safer, everything will be custom tailored, nanomedicine will use tiny machines to clear out cholesterol from arteriesat Robodoc, surgeon uses computer workstation to view 3-D images of patient's femur, and makes prosthetics from itmedicine, automobile, manufacturing"Nano is the third great revolution - agriculture, industrial and nano." (1) - eveyone expects nano to be the next big thing "The information age will pale next to the nano age, where tiny tiny machines will revolutionize fields such as health care" (1)
1996-03. Johnson, Steve. 1/21/96. Boomers with longevity fever seek magic pill. Charlotte Observer. P. 1AInstitute of HeartMath; John Renner, runs Comsumer Health Information Research Institute; Life Extension Foundation; Dr. Wallace Sampson, chairman of National Council Against Health Fraud; Frances Koavarik, executive director of the American Academy of Anti-Aging MedicineNanotech method for anti-aging: "Still others put their faith in nanotechnology, which foresees the day when molecule-sized machines will prowl the human body, wiping out diseases and rejuvenating damaged cells." (1A)"Many of those who use such [anti-aging] products believe they have multiple benefits. Some of them in hopes of making themselves smarter. Others hope to improve their sex lives." (1A)"About $2 billion is spent each year on anti-aging products." (1A)anti-aging - medicalnanotechnology is viewed as an aid to this negative "cult" of anti-aging proponents
1996-04. Uehling, M. Feb 96 Vo 248 Iss 2. Light Touch for Cells. PS. P. 24Paul Kopelman, a chemist at University of Michigan"shines light down one end of an optical fiber, the other is heated by a laser and stretched to a tapered tip. Then the tip is bathed in coatings selected to react with the biological compounds…Afterward, when light is pumped through the open end of the fiber, the fused tip glows." (24)"probe could test the effects of drugs on individual cells, or check embryos for birth defects." (24)a fiber-optic probe that is 1000th the width of a human hairmedicalnanotech is creating practical and useful devices
1996-05. Ackerman, T. 4/28/96. Small Science-Big Promises/ Rice University Researches on Cusp of Nanotechnology. HC. P 33James Haw-Texas A&M chemistry professor, Michael Carroll, dean of Rice's school of engineering, Eric Drexler, Rice president Malcolm Gillisresearch being conducted at Rice's Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology"try to produce artificial blood…work to make power cables so tiny they are impossible to see yet 100 times stronger than steel…look for ways to collect and store sunlight so solar power actually can meet future energy needs." (33)the Nanoscale Science center took $32 million fund raising, $23 million contributions, 85,000 sq. ft, 12 new faculty positions.medicineapplications in fields such as more powerful computers
1996-06. Bhargava, R. 4/28/96. Taking Fear Out of High Tech's Future. NYT. P 13WC.3Dr. Rameshwar Bhargava, physicist at Pace U. and president of Nanocrystals Technologyreferring to the use of nanocrystals in flat screen tv's: "materials can absorb a lot of ultra-violet light from the sun, which is non-useful light for a solar cell. But we can take this UV light and convert it into useful visible light if we provide a thin coating of nanocrystal particles." (13WC.3)nanocrystals will help in flat screen TV's, condensing electronic storage, making solar energy more efficient, less radiation in mammography, and new weapons to attack cancer cells"if we use a magnetic particle of this size in magnetic tape, one can record information in very high density - 10,000 times smaller than today." (13WC.3)electronics, medicine, solar energy - environmentnanotech has a wide variety of applications that are starting to become more practical, specific and plausible
1996-07. Harmon, A. 9/2/96. Cyberculture; A Weird and Warped Look Into the Future. LA. P 3World Science Fiction Convention in AnaheimN/Ascience fiction fans discuss nanotech as a topic of casual conversation-6000 attendees -$150/ personscience fictionnanotech is seen as a topic associated with sci fi, though it is also respected by scientists.
1996-08. Carr, J. 9/20/96. Synthetic Pleasure, few Principles. Boston Globe. P. D5 Movie reviewN/A"interesting developments in brain mapping and nanotechnology" (D5)"On the whole, virtual reality and controlled environments are amusingly seen as progressive.." (D5) N/A"…really interesting developments in brain mapping and nanotechnology, giving equal time to characters who have little but narcissism to add to the mosaic" (D5) "If we can't eliminate aging and death, it's not exactly cheering to realize that we may eliminate travel and over sensory experience." (D5)
1996-09. Makeig, J. 10/10/96. Bring on the Glory/ Rice Already Knew Pair Were Special. HC. P 1Robert Curl and Richard Smalley of Rice U., Harvard, AT&T Bell Labs, Stanford and the University of Chicago, Rice chemistry professor Bruce JohnsonN/Ainvention of buckyballs-buckminsterfullerenes = buckyballs -Rice's Center for Nanoscaled Science & Technology is a four-floor, 83,000-sq-ft structurebiomedical engineering, computer technologyRice is using nanoscience as a way to promote school – linking educational leadership with nanoscience
1996-10. Cole, K. 10/10/96. 6 US, British Scientists Win Chemistry, Physics Nobels. LA. P 1Stanford U.'s Douglas Osheroff, Cornell U.'s David Lee, Robert Richardson, UCLA physicist Steve Kivelson, physicist David Goodstein at Caltech, MIT's Mildred DresselhausSmalley and Curl stumbled upon discovery of buckyballsdiscovered third form of carbon, buckyballs (icosahedron shaped sphere of 60 carbon atoms) - there were originally only 2 - graphite and diamond"helium comes in several versions, or isotopes. Helium-4, which has four nuclear particles, was known to be a superfluid. But helium-3, with only three particles in its nucleus, shouldn't have been able to behave in the same way." (1)medicinepotential applications such as drug delivery systems for cancer treatment
1996-11. Byars, C. 10/11/96. Future May Belong to Bucky Tubes. HC. P 31Richard Smalley; Rice University, Robert Curl, Professor Lon Wilson - Rice, Ohio State University, Jason Hafnew-graduate student at Trinity U., Rice U. junior Terry Iversondiscussing findingstrying to use bucky tubes as the tip of the sensor in a special kind of microscope that feels the forces of atoms on a surface in order to build up a picture-bundles of tubes about a millimeter in length -the material is strongest stuff ever made or that can be made -buckyballs are tiny spheres invisible to the naked eye made of 60 carbon atomsbiomedical bucky tubes are replacing buckyballs because they are more useful and practical
1996-12. Chandler, D. 11/18/96. Miracle Molecule; New Carbon promises everything from tiny needles to cables in the sky. Boston Globe. P. C1 Richard Smalley; Rice Universityresearched carbon molecules "The lab is producing about one gram of tubes per day..." (C1) "…satellites could someday generate the electricity they need simply by dragging a long wire through Earth's magnetic field. The experiment failed only because it produced far more power than expected, causing the cable to burn out in one place like an overloaded fuse." (C1) "…nanotubes may be the best possible material to use for such points, at least for some applications, because they combine an incredibly sharp point with enough resilience to survive 'crashes' in which the point comes in contact with the surface being studied" (C1)N/A"This might eventually form the basis of a new kind of computer memory chip in which the position of buckyballs within nanotubes is used to signify the 1s and 0s of computer code." (C1)
1996-13. Browne, M. 11/19/96. Feat of the Minuscule: Scientists Make Abacus with Carbon Molecules. NYT. P. C1IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in Switzerland, Dr. James Gimzewski, member of the group that built molecular abacus, Richard Malley, Robert Curl, Harold Kroto - Nobel Prize in chemistry for discovering buckyballs"The Rice group prepares carbon nanotubes as tangled bundles of very thin, hollow fibers simply by passing a strong electric current between carbon elctrodes and allowing the resulting carbon vapor to condense under controlled conditions." (C1)solve the problem of breaking probe tips on the STM by creating nanotubes that bend and snap and don't break"carbon nanotubes, microscopic tubes that are actually long molecules of carbon atoms arrayed in a nested cylindrical chicken-wire pattern, are far more resilient than the metal whiskers usually used as probes in the Scanning tunneling microscope." (C1)STM, physics, chemistryfixing problems with the STM and working to make it smaller, faster, and more reliable
1996-14. 11/25/96. What May Be Next. Time.P. 96scientists, futuristsFuture predictionsnanotech will eventually create microscopic devices that can be injected into the human body to fight off cancer or unclog arteries.microsurgery replaces the hands of the surgeon with probes and scalpelsmedical, cryonics, telomere therapyeven if they can shrink the tools to 100x smaller, patients may still be uneasy of thousands of tiny AI devices running around inside their body
1996-15. Warsh, D. 12/8/96. Mathematics and economics; economic principals. Boston Globe. P. E1 Stockholm, Canberra, Australia; Houston Texas; Brighton England; Ithaca, NY "…the discovery of how T-cells really work began when a couple of young strangers, new to the immunological field and unschooled in its preconcept- tions, were forced to share a lab in the early 1970's, as described in a recent issue of Science magazine." (E1)"..cooled liquid helium toward absolute zero and noticed an unexpected shift in its pressure." (E1) "…had isolated a strange quantum-mechanical liquid that flowed faster in one direction than in another." (E1) "The mechanism by which the body's immunological defenders, known as T-cells, require a second chemical key in order to recognize and attack virus-infected cells." (E1)"…a laser-driven molecular stew pot in 1985 yielded bits of nearly inert carbon that were quite unlike the element's only two known molecular forms-graphite and diamond." (E1)"The Nobel discoveries have something in common: quality of far reaching importance, if not necessarily immediate practicality." (E1)