Nano Technology Database Search

Bibliography Social Context Method Theory Agent Data Statistics Related Research Relevance
1990-03. Schrage, M. 1/7/90. Where Technology is taking us Innovation: Consumers were offered looads of new gadgets and choices in the 1980's. LA. P.1Georgetown University Humanities professor- O.B. Hardison Jr., Stanford University scientist Eric Drexler, Harvard's sociologist Daniel Bell, Xerox PARC, Bell Labs, MIT's Media Lab"The questions have shifted from 'How?' and 'Why?' to 'Why not?' and 'How much?'" (1)idea behind nanotech: "Archimides once said, 'Give me a lever long enough and I can move the earth,' nanotechnologists now say, 'Give us a lever small enough, and we can move a single molecule.'" (1) "to engineer machines that can be injected into the human bloodstream to clean out clogged arteries." (1)6/10 top ten grossing movies were about technology In 1980's Fax machines, cell phones, test tube babies, CD's, VCR's and MTV transformed our perceptions of technologytelecommunications, computers, pharmaceuticals, materials science"In the 1980's, technology became personal, portable, accessible and pervasive." (1) It was popular in movies, and people were interested Then in the 1990's, it was not a matter of choosing from options, but designing and customizing your own (e.g. computer interface). People had increased expectations and technology was focused on engineering, creating products
1990-04. Kelley, P. 3/13/90. Zap! It’s atomic tiddlywinks. Charlotte Observer. P. 1AJames A. Spudich, a cell biologist at Stanford Medical School; Donal Eigler and Erhard Schweitser of IBM's Almaden Research Center in San Jose, CA; Jack Preses, a physical chemist at Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island; James Kaufman, manager at the Almaden center at IBM; Ahmed Zewail, a physical chemist at CaltechBy studying the movement of, and force that atoms have on each other, their behavior and their sizeHigh demand of the field of research; no longer micro or mini, but molecular - everything getting smaller, faster, betterAtoms and ATPother research (biomedical, computers) does similar studytry to store data at the level of individual atoms "In the not-so-long term, the nanotechnology boom will mean fuels that burn with ferocious power but leave only the faintest puff of pollution, computers smaller than shirt buttons and such complex molecular re-engineering of body tissues that mutant human forklifts and 90-mph hamsters are by no means unthinkable." (1A)
1990-05. Van, J. 4/9/90. Downsizing set for Quantum Leap- Literally. CT. p 1IBM's Almaden Research Center, Richard Siegel - Argonne materials scientist, AT&T Bell Labs, MIT researchers - Henry Smith and Dimitri Antoniadisscanning tunneling microscope (STM) - "uses the quantum behavior of electrons to suspend the tip of a tungsten wire about an atom's width above a material to be studied" (1)nanoprocessed materials are much stronger and malleable -at the point in technology where we can put 4 million transistors onto a fingernail-sized memory chip -able to manipulate clusters of a dozen atoms now, rather than 100 or 1,000 -transistors have gotten as small as .75 micrometers (100x smaller than humamarketing, auto parts, metal processing, nanotech is finally being introduced into the marketplace, and used commercially rather than just research (e.g. ceramic automobile engine parts)
1990-06. 4/14/90. The hope of celestial and atomic eyes. CT. P. 8NASA, Hubble Space Telescope, International Business Machinescomparing the two forms of technology - one viewing the big picture, the other viewing the extremely small picturethe scanning tunneling microscope invented in 1981 is compared with the Hubble Telescope because they will both show us things we have never seen and never imagined.-Hubble $1.5 billion- size of railroad car, orbits around earth and sends back images, has 94 1/2 inch mirror -able to arrange 'IBM' on a nickel plate with atoms xenon gas, using tunneling microscopespace technologynanotechnology (manipulating things at atomic level) is just as important as being able to see the huge picture with the Hubble telescope. Nanotech has for more practical applications that will lead to fuel efficient auto engines with new ceramic materials, and tiny electronic circuits to make computers super-fast and super-smart.
1990-07. Schrage, M. 7/19/90. How Prizes can Help Spur New Technology. LA. P. 1Nobel Prize, MacArthur Foundation grant, physicist Richard Feynmanstudying the things in the past that came about because of motivation from prizes…comparing them to current day awards.The Nobel Prize has stopped encouraging creativity, and rather just picks a big name who did something important. Prizes should challenge people to be innovative, think of something new - a solution to a problem.-Charles Lindbergh made his flight across the Atlantic to win $25,000 prize -Napoleon awarded prize to person who could invent way to spin linen into fabric -Feynman presented with many prizes for manipulating very small particlesN/A"These challenges [in the form of prizes] helped launch the discipline of 'nanotechnology' - the technology of engineering machines and processes billionths of an inch in size." (1)
1990-08. Nicholls, P. 7/29/90. Goodbye to the Gutter. WP. P. x.06Greg Bear - Sci Fi author of Queen of Angelsbook reviewcriticizing science fiction"while simultaneously giving us an in-depth future (transformed by the same nanotechnology Feeley uses…)" (x.06)Science fictionnanotechnology is seen as something futuristic that will 'transform' the world
1990-10. Thomas, L. 11/14/90. Etymology and Immortality. Wall Street Journal. P. A14Science fiction authors Lewis Thomas and Ed RegisJim Holt reviews books "Et Cetera, Et Cetera: Notes of a World Watcher" and "Great Mambo Chicken and the Transhuman Condition"Holt is extremely critical of the books. He makes fun of their futuristic ideas, such as nanotechEd Regis talks about attaining immortality, abolishing scarcity, transcending our biological nature and overhauling space - all within 50 years. "A few decades down the line your brain will be thawed out, fixed up by an army of molecule-sized robots, and lodged in a newly cloned anatomy." (A14)sci fi, futuristsmakes fun of nanotech, adding sarcasm "The little robots, by the way, will be only one of the fruits of nanotechnology…By exploiting the principle behind DNA,…we will be able to alter the structure of matter atom by atom and fabricate literally anything in unlimited quantities. Imagine,...endless foie gras without torturing geese." (A14)
1990-11. Van, J. 11/23/90. Nothing to sneeze at These gears work, but they're smaller than pepper grains. CT. P. 1Henry Guckel - University of Wisconsin engineering professor"silicon micromachines [smaller than these gears] are created with the same etching technology that produces integrated computer chips, the workhorses of modern electronics." (1)Guckel created first metal micromachine (a gear), smaller than grain of pepper. These gears will eventually be put together to make tiny medical tools that will repair tissuesgears are 50 microns thick, human hair 75, silicon microdevices 4 micronengineering "It opens a new vista for nanotechnology, a hot research field that promises to revolutionize a broad range of human enterprises, from medicine to automobile manufacture." (1) "Wisconsin researchers praise silicon as a nanotechnology material" (1) -anything nanotech must be good
1990-12. Sladek, J. 11/25/90. Some California Dreaming. WP. P. x.08Science fiction author, Arthur C. Clarkeauthor's opinionnanotechnology is listed as one of the many wonders in a sci fi book called The Ghost From the Grand Banks forecasting the future.the book lectures on many theories in optical cables, nanotechnology, personal phones, elaborate undersea robots and diving suits, a new refrigeration principle, self-cleaning windowssci finanotechnology is presented as a wonder, and compared to undersea robots - something unrealistic, almost humorous
1990-13. Brotman, B. 12/2/90. 1000 Years of Progress A Preview of coming attractions. Chicago Tribune.P. 15Joseph Coates - futurist and President of a research firm in Washington, D.C. Gregg Maryniak, Executive VP of the Space Studies Institute in Princeton, NJ World Future Society magazineauthor's opinionLittle factual evidence. Article was written as speculative entertainment - to imagine what the future could possibly (though not likely) be like"Nanotechnology is a theoretical process by which we could build food, houses, computers and anything else out of individual atoms of such substances as carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen." (15)science fiction, virtual reality, space exploration and colonizationBasically the author says that nanotechnology will revolutionize our world because we can have anything just by saying the word. By 3000 Earth dwellers will be rare and lunar vacations will be common…all because of nanotechnology